CARDIOVASCULAR
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Clinical Evidence

The studies shown below are examples of the safety and benefits that Perclose ProGlide™ Suture-Mediated Closure (SMC) System may provide patients requiring small or large sheaths in arterial or venous access procedures.

Clinical Trials

Perclose Proglide™ SMC System vs. Manual Compression

A study showing ambulation times, costs and patient satisfaction between the two methods of hemostasis approaches.

Study Overview

Sekhar, Aravind., et al. Femoral arterial closure using ProGlide™ is more efficacious and cost-effective when ambulating early following cardiac catheterization.
International Journal of Cardiology: Heart and Vasculature 13 (2016) 6-13.

 

Background

It is unclear whether early ambulation with Perclose ProGlide™ Suture-Mediated Closure System is safe or is associated with patient satisfaction and cost savings as compared with manual compression.

 

Objective

Evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of early ambulation (within 30 minutes) following femoral artery closure with the Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS in patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization compared with manual compression.

 

Method

Prospective, single-center study of 170 patients equally split into two arms measuring patient ambulation (20 feet within 30 minutes), time to hemostasis, and time to discharge. Using a fully allocated cost model, a cost analysis of both Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS and manual compression was performed. Also, a multivariate analysis was used to determine predictors of patient satisfaction.

 

Primary Endpoint

The primary endpoint was time-to-ambulation (TTA) following device closure.

Clinical Outcomes

  Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS
(n = 85)
Manual Compression
(n = 85)
P-value
Time to hemostasis (mean) 1.5 min 20.4 min <0.001
Time to ambulation (mean) 27.1 min 248.0 min <0.001
Time to discharge (mean) 59.6 min 349.9 min <0.001
Procedural success 100% (85/85) 96% (82/85) 0.12
Overall complications 3.5% (3/85) 11.8% (10/85) 0.08

Cost Analysis

Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS provided nearly $1,000 in cost savings per patient compared to manual compression.

 

  Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS
(n = 85)
Manual Compression
(n = 85)
Total procedural cost
(without hemostasis device)
$564.5 ± 132.3 $553.7 ± 121.0
Hemostasis device cost $278.2 ± 77.4 $41.6 ± 22.4
Post-procedural cath lab holding $308.5 ± 78.8 $1,190.8 ± 333.6
Total adjusted nursing costs $99.1 ± 41.1 $389.5
Hospital adjusted in-patient expenses $0.0 $2,052.6 ± 250.2
Total cost $1,250.3 ± 146.4 $2,248.1 ± 910.2
Incremental savings per patient $983.6  

Patient Satisfaction

Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS helps reduce severe levels of patient discomfort as compared to manual compression.

Proglide vs Manual Compression

Summary

  • Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS provided significantly shorter times to hemostasis, ambulation, and discharge.
  • Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS provided nearly $1,000 in cost savings per patient compared to manual compression.
  • Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS helped reduce severe levels of patient discomfort as compared to manual compression.

Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS U.S. Large-Hole Study for EVAR

An overview of the Least Invasive Fast-Track EVAR (LIFE) Registry

Study Overview

Krajcer, Zvonimir. Fast-Track Endovascular Aortic: Final Results from the Prospective LIFE Registry.
VIVA 2016

 

Objective

Demonstrate the clinical and cost benefits associated with the ultra-low profile (14F) Ovation Abdominal Stent Graft platform under the least invasive conditions, including percutaneous access, no general anesthesia, no ICU admission, and next-day discharge.

 

Method

Prospective, non-randomized, multi-center post-market study of 250 patients at 35 U.S. centers

 

Primary Endpoint

Major adverse event within 30 days (10.4% target performance goal)

  • Freedom from AAA rupture
  • Freedom from conversion to open repair
  • Freedom from AAA-related reintervention
  • Freedom from mortality
Secondary Endpoint
  • Treatment success (completion of Fast-Track protocol)
  • Procedure, fluoroscopy, and anesthesia time; access complications; ambulatory status, hospital stay; quality of life
  • Freedom from type I/III endoleak; conversion to open repair, rupture, AAA-related reintervention; mortality

Clinical Outcomes

Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS had a high technical success rate with no device or procedure-related major adverse events.

 

  Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS
(n = 250)
Technical success 97.6%
Device-related MAE 0%
Procedure-related MAE 0%
Hours to ambulation (median) 7.9 Hours
Hospital stay (mean) 1.2 days

Cost Analysis

The Fast-Track EVAR approach demonstrates $21,100 in savings as compared to the Standard EVAR approach, with the hospital stay contributing to the majority of the amount.

  Standard EVAR1-2 Fast-Track EVAR Fast-Track Savings
Anesthesia General, 84%
$500
Local, 100%
$300
$200
Access Cutdown
$300
Bilateral PEVAR
$1,200
($900)
ICU 1.4 Days, 51%
$15,300
0 Days, 0%
$0
$15,300
Non-ICU 2.3 Days
$12,900
1.2 Days
$6,700
$6,200
30-Day Reintervention $29,400, 1.1%
$300
0%
$0
$300
Total $29,300 $8,200 $21,100

*Access cost for Bilateral PEVAR is higher due to cost of closure devices

Summary

Perclose ProGlide™ SMCS had a high technical success rate with no device- or procedure-related major adverse events.

The Fast-Track EVAR approach demonstrates $21,100 in savings as compared to the Standard EVAR approach, with the longer hospital stay contributing to the majority of the difference.

Important Safety Information

MAT-2103458 v1.0

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
 

rx-only-logo  Perclose™ ProStyle™ Suture-Mediated Closure and Repair System

 

Indications: The Perclose™ ProStyle™ Suture-Mediated Closure and Repair (SMCR) System is indicated for the percutaneous delivery of suture for closing the common femoral artery and vein access sites of patients who have undergone diagnostic or interventional catheterization procedures.

The Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System is used without or, if required, with adjunctive manual compression.

For access sites in the common femoral artery using 5F to 21F sheaths.

For access sites in the common femoral vein using 5F to 24F sheaths.

For arterial and venous sheath sizes greater than 8F, at least two devices and the pre-close technique are required.

CAUTION:Federal law restricts this medical device to sale by or on the order of a physician (or allied healthcare professionals, authorized by, or under the direction of, such physicians) who is trained in diagnostic and / or interventional catheterization procedures and who has been trained by an authorized representative of Abbott.

Prior to use, the operator must review the Instructions for Use and be familiar with the deployment techniques associated with the use of this device.

During closure of access sites using a procedural sheath greater than 8F, it is recommended that a vascular surgeon or a surgeon with vascular training be available in case surgical conversion to control bleeding and to repair the vessel is needed.

Contraindications: There are no known contraindications to the use of this device.

Warnings: Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System if the packaging or sterile barrier has been previously opened or damaged or if the components appear to be damaged or defective.

DO NOT RESTERILIZE OR REUSE. The Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System is intended for single use only.

Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System if the sterile field has been broken where bacterial contamination of the sheath or surrounding tissues may have occurred, since such a broken sterile field may result in infection.

Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System if the puncture site is located above the most inferior border of the inferior epigastric artery (IEA) and / or above the inguinal ligament based upon bony landmarks, since such a puncture site may result in a retroperitoneal hematoma. Perform a femoral angiogram to verify the location of the puncture site. NOTE: This may require both a right anterior oblique (RAO) and left anterior oblique (LAO) angiogram to adequately visualize where the sheath enters the femoral vessel.

Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System in arterial access if the puncture is through the posterior wall or if there are multiple punctures in the same access site, since such punctures may result in a hematoma or retroperitoneal bleed.

Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System in venous access if there are multiple punctures in the same access site, since such punctures may result in a hematoma or retroperitoneal bleed.

Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System if the puncture site is located in the superficial femoral artery or the profunda femoris artery, or the bifurcation of these vessels, since such puncture sites may result in a pseudoaneurysm, intimal dissection, or an acute vessel closure (thrombosis of small artery lumen). Perform a femoral angiogram to verify the location of the puncture site. NOTE: This may require both a right anterior oblique (RAO) and left anterior oblique (LAO) angiogram to adequately visualize where the sheath enters the vessel.


Precautions:

  • Prior to use, inspect the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System to ensure that the sterile packaging has not been damaged during shipment. Examine all components prior to use to verify proper function. Exercise care during device handling to reduce the possibility of accidental device breakage.
  • As with all catheter-based procedures, infection is a possibility. Observe sterile technique at all times when using the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System. Employ appropriate groin management, as per hospital protocol, post procedure, and post hospital discharge to prevent infection.
  • Use a single wall puncture technique. Do not puncture the posterior wall of the vessel in arterial access.
  • Do not deploy the Perclose™ ProStyle™ Device at an angle greater than approximately 45 degrees, as this may cause a cuff miss.
  • There are no reaccess restrictions if previous arteriotomy / venotomy repairs were achieved with Abbott Medical SMC or SMCR systems.
  • If significant blood flow is present around the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR Device, do not deploy needles. Remove the device over a 0.038" (0.97 mm) (or smaller) guide wire and insert an appropriately sized introducer sheath.
  • Prior to pushing the plunger to advance the needles, stabilize the device by the body to ensure the foot is apposed to the vessel wall and the device does not twist during deployment. Twisting (torquing) of the device could lead to needle deflection resulting in a cuff miss. Do not use excessive force or repeatedly push the plunger. Excessive force on the plunger during deployment could potentially cause breakage of the device, which may necessitate intervention and / or surgical removal of the device and vessel repair.
  • Do not apply excessive force to the lever when returning the foot to its original position down to the body of the device. Do not attempt to remove the device without closing the lever. Excessive force on the lever or attempting to remove the device without closing the lever could cause breakage of the device and / or lead to vessel trauma, which may necessitate intervention and / or surgical removal of the device and vessel repair.
  • Do not advance or withdraw the Perclose ProStyle SMCR Device against resistance until the cause of that resistance has been determined. Excessive force used to advance or torque the Perclose ProStyle SMCR Device should be avoided, as this may lead to significant vessel damage and / or breakage of the device, which may necessitate intervention and / or surgical removal of the device and vessel repair.
  • If excessive resistance in advancing the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR Device is encountered, withdraw the device over a 0.038" (0.97 mm) (or smaller) guide wire and reinsert the introducer sheath or use manual compression.
  • Remove the Perclose™ ProStyle™ sheath before tightening the suture. Failure to remove the sheath prior to tightening the suture may result in detachment of the tip of the sheath.
  • Care should be taken to avoid damage to the suture from handling. Avoid crushing damage due to application of surgical instruments such as clamps, forceps or needle holders.
  • For catheterization procedures using a 5 – 8F procedural sheath, use manual compression in the event that bleeding from the femoral access site persists after the use of the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System to obtain hemostasis.
  • For catheterization procedures using a procedural sheath > 8F, use manual compression, compression assisted devices, surgical repair, and / or other appropriate treatment methods in the event that bleeding from the femoral access site persists after the use of the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System to obtain hemostasis.
  • For catheterization procedures using a procedural sheath > 8F, where the operating physician is not a vascular surgeon, it is recommended that a vascular surgeon or a surgeon with vascular training be available during the procedure to perform any necessary vascular surgical intervention.



Potential Adverse Events: Potential adverse events associated with use of suture mediated closure devices may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Allergic reaction or hypersensitivity to device components
  • Vascular access complications which may require transfusion or vessel repair, including:
    • Anemia
    • Aneurysm
    • Arteriovenous fistula
    • Bleeding / hemorrhage / re-bleeding
    • Bruising / hematoma
    • Embolism
    • Inflammation
    • Intimal tear / dissection
    • Perforation
    • Pseudoaneurysm
    • Retroperitoneal hematoma / bleeding
    • Scar formation / calcification
    • Wound dehiscence
  • Cardiac arrhythmias (including conduction disorders, atrial and ventricular arrhythmias)
    • Atrial arrhythmias
    • Ventricular arrhythmias
  • Femoral artery / venous complications which may require additional intervention, including:
    • Arterial / venous stenosis
    • Arterial / venous occlusion
    • Arteriovenous fistula
    • Intimal tear / dissection
    • Ischemia distal to closure site
    • Nerve injury
    • Numbness
    • Thrombus formation
    • Vascular injury
  • Peripheral ischemic conditions (including deep vein thrombosis,
  • pulmonary embolism, post-procedure pulmonary embolism):
    • Deep vein thrombosis
    • Pulmonary embolism
  • Infection:
    • Infection / sepsis
  • Pain
  • Hemodynamic instability:
    • Hypotension / hypertension
    • Vasovagal episode
  • Death
  • Device complications
  • Device failure
  • Device malfunction

MAT-2103461 v1.0

Rx  Perclose ProGlide™ Suture-Mediated Closure (SMC) System

 

Indications: The Perclose ProGlide™ SMC System is indicated for the percutaneous delivery of suture for closing the common femoral artery and vein access site of patients who have undergone diagnostic or interventional catheterization procedures.

The Perclose ProGlide™ SMC System is used without or, if required, with adjunctive manual compression.
For access sites in the common femoral artery using 5F to 21F sheaths.
For access sites in the common femoral vein using 5F to 24F sheaths.
For arterial and venous sheath sizes greater than 8F, at least two devices and the pre-close technique are required.
 

CAUTION:

Federal law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a physician (or allied healthcare professionals, authorized by, or under the direction of, such physicians) who is trained in diagnostic and / or interventional catheterization procedures and who has been trained by an authorized representative of Abbott Vascular.

Prior to use, the operator must review the Instructions for Use and be familiar with the deployment techniques associated with the use of this device.

During closure of access sites using a procedural sheath greater than 8F it is recommended that a vascular surgeon or a surgeon with vascular training be available in case surgical conversion to control bleeding and to close the vessel is needed.
 

Contraindications: There are no known contraindications to the use of this device. Attention is drawn to the WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS sections.
 

Warnings: Do not use the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC device or accessories if the packaging or sterile barrier has been previously opened or damaged or if the components appear to be damaged or defective.

DO NOT RESTERILIZE OR REUSE. The Perclose ProGlide™ SMC device and accessories are intended for single use only.

Do not use the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC System if the sterile field has been broken where bacterial contamination of the sheath or surrounding tissues may have occurred, since such a broken sterile field may result in infection.

Do not use the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC System if the puncture site is located above the most inferior border of the inferior epigastric artery (IEA) and / or above the inguinal ligament based upon bony landmarks, since such a puncture site may result in a retroperitoneal hematoma. Perform a femoral angiogram to verify the location of the puncture site. NOTE: This may require both a Right Anterior Oblique (RAO) and Left Anterior Oblique (LAO) angiogram to adequately visualize where the sheath enters the femoral artery or vein.

Do not use the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC System if the puncture is through the posterior wall or if there are multiple punctures, since such punctures may result in a hematoma or retroperitoneal bleed.

Do not use the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC System if the puncture site is located in the superficial femoral artery or the profunda femoris artery, or the bifurcation of these vessels, since such puncture sites may result in a pseudoaneurysm, intimal dissection, or an acute vessel closure (thrombosis of small artery lumen). Perform a femoral angiogram to verify the location of the puncture site. NOTE: This may require both a Right Anterior Oblique (RAO) and Left Anterior Oblique (LAO) angiogram to adequately visualize where the sheath enters the femoral artery or vein.
 

Precautions:

  1. Prior to use, inspect the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC System to ensure that the sterile packaging has not been damaged during shipment. Examine all components prior to use to verify proper function. Exercise care during device handling to reduce the possibility of accidental device breakage.
  2. As with all catheter-based procedures, infection is a possibility. Observe sterile technique at all times when using the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC System. Employ appropriate groin management, as per hospital protocol, post procedure and post hospital discharge to prevent infection.
  3. Use a single wall puncture technique. Do not puncture the posterior wall of the vessel.
  4. Do not deploy the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC device at an angle greater than 45 degrees, as this may cause a cuff miss.
  5. There are no reaccess restrictions if previous access site repairs were achieved with Abbott Vascular SMC devices.
  6. If significant blood flow is present around the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC device, do not deploy needles. Remove the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC device over a 0.038" (0.97mm) (or smaller) guidewire and insert an appropriately sized introducer sheath.
  7. When pushing the plunger assembly to advance the needles, stabilize the device to ensure the device does not twist or move forward during deployment. Twisting the device could lead to needle deflection resulting in a cuff miss. Do not use excessive force or repeatedly push the plunger assembly. Excessive force on the plunger during deployment could potentially cause breakage of the device, which may necessitate intervention and / or surgical removal of the device and vessel repair.
  8. Do not apply excessive force to the lever when returning the foot to its original position (marked #4) down to the body of the device. Do not attempt to remove the device without closing the lever. Excessive force on the lever of the device or attempting to remove the device without closing the lever could cause breakage of the device and / or lead to vessel trauma, which may necessitate intervention and / or surgical removal of the device and vessel repair.
  9. Do not advance or withdraw the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC device against resistance until the cause of that resistance has been determined (see Section 11.3 Single SMC DEVICE PLACEMENT section). Excessive force used to advance or torque the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC device should be avoided, as this may lead to significant vessel damage and / or breakage of the device, which may necessitate intervention and / or surgical removal of the device and vessel repair.
  10. If excessive resistance in advancing the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC device is encountered, withdraw the device over a 0.038" (0.97 mm) (or smaller) guidewire and reinsert the introducer sheath or use manual compression.
  11. Remove the Perclose ProGlide™ sheath before tightening the suture. Failure to remove the sheath prior to tightening the suture may result in detachment of the tip of the sheath.
  12. During closure of access sites using a 5 – 8F procedural sheath, use manual compression in the event that bleeding from the femoral access site persists after the use of the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC device.
  13. During closure of access sites using a procedural sheath > 8F, in the event that bleeding from the femoral access site persists after the use of the Perclose ProGlide™ SMC devices, the physician should assess the situation. Based on the physician assessment of the amount of bleeding use manual compression, compression assisted devices and / or a surgical repair to obtain hemostasis.
  14. During closure of access sites using a procedural sheath > 8F, in those cases where the implanting physician is not a vascular surgeon, it is recommended that a vascular surgeon or a surgeon with vascular training be available during the procedure to perform any necessary surgical intervention.


Potential Adverse Events: Potential adverse events associated with use of suture mediated closure devices may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Allergic reaction or hypersensitivity to device components
  • Anemia
  • Arterial stenosis / occlusion
  • Arteriovenous fistula
  • Bleeding / hemorrhage
  • Bruising / hematoma
  • Death
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Device entrapment
  • Device failure / malfunction / misplacement
  • Diminished pulses distal to closure site
  • Embolism
  • Hypotension / hypertension
  • Infection / sepsis
  • Inflammation
  • Intimal tear / dissection
  • Ischemia distal to closure site
  • Nerve injury
  • Numbness
  • Pain
  • Perforation
  • Pseudoaneurysm
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Retroperitoneal hematoma / bleeding
  • Thrombus formation
  • Vascular injury
  • Vasoconstriction / vasospasm
  • Vasovagal episode
  • Wound dehiscence

MAT-2103598 v1.0

DO YOU WISH TO CONTINUE AND EXIT CARDIOVASCULAR.ABBOTT?

CONTENTS OF THE SITE ARE NOT UNDER THE CONTROL OF ABBOTT.

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DO YOU WISH TO CONTINUE AND EXIT CARDIOVASCULAR.ABBOTT?

CONTENTS OF THE SITE ARE NOT UNDER THE CONTROL OF ABBOTT.