Indications: The Perclose™ ProStyle™ Suture-Mediated Closure and Repair (SMCR) System is indicated for the percutaneous delivery of suture for closing the common femoral artery and vein access sites of patients who have undergone diagnostic or interventional catheterization procedures.
The Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System is used without or, if required, with adjunctive manual compression.
For access sites in the common femoral artery using 5F to 21F sheaths.
For access sites in the common femoral vein using 5F to 24F sheaths.
For arterial and venous sheath sizes greater than 8F, at least two devices and the pre-close technique are required.
CAUTION: Federal law restricts this medical device to sale by or on the order of a physician (or allied healthcare professionals, authorized by, or under the direction of, such physicians) who is trained in diagnostic and / or interventional catheterization procedures and who has been trained by an authorized representative of Abbott.
Prior to use, the operator must review the Instructions for Use and be familiar with the deployment techniques associated with the use of this device.
During closure of access sites using a procedural sheath greater than 8F, it is recommended that a vascular surgeon or a surgeon with vascular training be available in case surgical conversion to control bleeding and to repair the vessel is needed.
Contraindications: There are no known contraindications to the use of this device.
Warnings: Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System if the packaging or sterile barrier has been previously opened or damaged or if the components appear to be damaged or defective.
DO NOT RESTERILIZE OR REUSE. The Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System is intended for single use only.
Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System if the sterile field has been broken where bacterial contamination of the sheath or surrounding tissues may have occurred, since such a broken sterile field may result in infection.
Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System if the puncture site is located above the most inferior border of the inferior epigastric artery (IEA) and / or above the inguinal ligament based upon bony landmarks, since such a puncture site may result in a retroperitoneal hematoma. Perform a femoral angiogram to verify the location of the puncture site. Note: This may require both a right anterior oblique (RAO) and left anterior oblique (LAO) angiogram to adequately visualize where the sheath enters the femoral vessel.
Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System in arterial access if the puncture is through the posterior wall or if there are multiple punctures in the same access site, since such punctures may result in a hematoma or retroperitoneal bleed.
Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System in venous access if there are multiple punctures in the same access site, since such punctures may result in a hematoma or retroperitoneal bleed.
Do not use the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System if the puncture site is located in the superficial femoral artery or the profunda femoris artery, or the bifurcation of these vessels, since such puncture sites may result in a pseudoaneurysm, intimal dissection, or an acute vessel closure (thrombosis of small artery lumen). Perform a femoral angiogram to verify the location of the puncture site. Note: This may require both a right anterior oblique (RAO) and left anterior oblique (LAO) angiogram to adequately visualize where the sheath enters the vessel.
- Prior to use, inspect the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System to ensure that the sterile packaging has not been damaged during shipment. Examine all components prior to use to verify proper function. Exercise care during device handling to reduce the possibility of accidental device breakage.
- As with all catheter-based procedures, infection is a possibility. Observe sterile technique at all times when using the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System. Employ appropriate groin management, as per hospital protocol, post procedure, and post hospital discharge to prevent infection.
- Use a single wall puncture technique. Do not puncture the posterior wall of the vessel in arterial access.
- Do not deploy the Perclose™ ProStyle™ Device at an angle greater than approximately 45 degrees, as this may cause a cuff miss.
- There are no reaccess restrictions if previous arteriotomy / venotomy repairs were achieved with Abbott Medical SMC or SMCR systems.
- If significant blood flow is present around the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR Device, do not deploy needles. Remove the device over a 0.038" (0.97 mm) (or smaller) guide wire and insert an appropriately sized introducer sheath.
- Prior to pushing the plunger to advance the needles, stabilize the device by the body to ensure the foot is apposed to the vessel wall and the device does not twist during deployment. Twisting (torquing) of the device could lead to needle deflection resulting in a cuff miss. Do not use excessive force or repeatedly push the plunger. Excessive force on the plunger during deployment could potentially cause breakage of the device, which may necessitate intervention and / or surgical removal of the device and vessel repair.
- Do not apply excessive force to the lever when returning the foot to its original position down to the body of the device. Do not attempt to remove the device without closing the lever. Excessive force on the lever or attempting to remove the device without closing the lever could cause breakage of the device and / or lead to vessel trauma, which may necessitate intervention and / or surgical removal of the device and vessel repair.
- Do not advance or withdraw the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR Device against resistance until the cause of that resistance has been determined. Excessive force used to advance or torque the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR Device should be avoided, as this may lead to significant vessel damage and / or breakage of the device, which may necessitate intervention and / or surgical removal of the device and vessel repair.
- If excessive resistance in advancing the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR Device is encountered, withdraw the device over a 0.038" (0.97 mm) (or smaller) guide wire and reinsert the introducer sheath or use manual compression.
- Remove the Perclose™ ProStyle™ sheath before tightening the suture. Failure to remove the sheath prior to tightening the suture may result in detachment of the tip of the sheath.
- Care should be taken to avoid damage to the suture from handling. Avoid crushing damage due to application of surgical instruments such as clamps, forceps or needle holders.
- For catheterization procedures using a 5 – 8F procedural sheath, use manual compression in the event that bleeding from the femoral access site persists after the use of the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System to obtain hemostasis.
- For catheterization procedures using a procedural sheath > 8F, use manual compression, compression assisted devices, surgical repair, and / or other appropriate treatment methods in the event that bleeding from the femoral access site persists after the use of the Perclose™ ProStyle™ SMCR System to obtain hemostasis.
- For catheterization procedures using a procedural sheath > 8F, where the operating physician is not a vascular surgeon, it is recommended that a vascular surgeon or a surgeon with vascular training be available during the procedure to perform any necessary vascular surgical intervention.
Potential Adverse Events: Potential adverse events associated with use of suture mediated closure devices may include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Allergic reaction or hypersensitivity to device components
- Vascular access complications which may require transfusion or vessel repair, including:
- Arteriovenous fistula
- Bleeding / hemorrhage / re-bleeding
- Bruising / hematoma
- Intimal tear / dissection
- Retroperitoneal hematoma / bleeding
- Scar formation / calcification
- Wound dehiscence
- Cardiac arrhythmias (including conduction disorders, atrial and ventricular arrhythmias)
- Atrial arrhythmias
- Ventricular arrhythmias
- Femoral artery / venous complications which may require additional intervention, including:
- Arterial / venous stenosis
- Arterial / venous occlusion
- Arteriovenous fistula
- Intimal tear / dissection
- Ischemia distal to closure site
- Nerve injury
- Thrombus formation
- Vascular injury
- Peripheral ischemic conditions (including deep vein thrombosis,
- pulmonary embolism, post-procedure pulmonary embolism):
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Pulmonary embolism
- Hemodynamic instability:
- Hypotension / hypertension
- Vasovagal episode
- Device complications
- Device failure
- Device malfunction