Plaque buildup in these tiny vessels can restrict blood flow and cause heart-related problems. Learn about factors that can lead to blockages and how to reduce the risk.
What is Atherosclerosis?
Atherosclerosis is the build up of plaque (fat, calcium and cholesterol deposits) inside artery walls that narrows the artery and restricts blood flow.
Atherosclerosis can lead to:
- Reduced blood flow to organs and other tissue
- Angina (chest pain)
- Heart attack
Atherosclerosis Risk Factors
Risk factors for atherosclerosis include:
- Family history of heart disease
- Poor diet
- Lack of physical activity
Many people don’t know they have atherosclerosis until they have a medical emergency,
such as a heart attack or stroke.